General information about Naryn Region
Total area – 45,200 sq km
Population – 271 000 people (84.9% of the rural population, 15.1% of urban population)
The regional center – Naryn.
Naryn region is located in the southeastern part of the country at an altitude of 1500 meters above the sea level, more than 70% of the territory is occupied by mountain ranges. Ridges alternate with deep intermountain valleys and intermontane. The biggest Mid Valley is Kochkor and Djumgal (height from 1500 to 2600 meters above sea level). The largest alpine valleys are Ak-Sai, Arpinskaya, Al-Bashynskaya and Son-Kul (height from 2600 to 3800 meters above sea level).
Great Silk Road crosses Kyrgyzstan in several directions. One of the branches of the Silk Road passes through the Naryn region. In 1893 was built the road Naryn – Torugart – Kashkar.
The region borders on the east by the Issyk-Kul, in the north – Chui, in the west – Jalalabad and Osh region of the Kyrgyz Republic in the south – with China.
The total area of -45.2 thousand. Km2. (1/4 of the territory of Kyrgyzstan).
Naryn region is separated from the nearest railway station, 180 km.
The climate -Continental, winter is cold and long, absolutely lowest temperature reaches – 45 degrees, the summers are short and cool. You can watch several climatic zones: at the height of 1400-1600 m above sea level -pustynya, 1600-1800 m -polupustynya, 1800-2000 m – steppe 2500-4000 m – subalpine and alpine zones above 4,000 meters – the zone of perpetual snow .
The average January temperature of – 15 ° C. The absolute minimum temperature (-50 ° C) is registered in the territory of Ak-Say valley. In the area of Lake Chater-Kul, the valleys of Ak-Sai, Arpa, in the upper reaches of the Naryn, in the basins of Son-Kul cold winters, warm summers, short. During the day characterized by extreme changes in temperature, frost may be even in the summer months. Average annual precipitation on the plains is 200-300 mm in the mountains a little more. The period of heavy rainfall in the second half of spring and the first half of summer, when 30 drops of 60% of annual precipitation. In the valleys of rainfall increases from west to east. Snow depth is in the valley of the up to 40 cm, in the mountainous area – up to 80 cm. Kochkor valley because of the strong winds are rare snowfall, and cover is unstable.
Naryn region in its current form the newly formed 14 December 1990.
The administrative center of the Naryn region – the city of Naryn. Naryn town has an elongated shape, as it is located between the red sand-stone cliffs on one side and green hills – on the other hand, extending about 15 km along the river Naryn. Naryn town is located at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level.
5 districts – Ak-Talin, Al-Bashynsky, Jumgal, Kochkor, Naryn; 1 city of regional significance – Naryn; 2 urban settlement – Dostuk, Min-Kush; 63ayylnyh districts consisting of 133 villages.
Resources Import and Export
The main components of imports are: chemical products, base metals and their products, herbal products, machinery, equipment and tools specifically designed for specific industries, as well as the necessary consumer goods.
Most exported goods are live animals and animal products, mineral products, leather and skins, textiles and textile products.
Retail turnover, paid services and tourism
Total retail sales, including catering, is about 2.5 billion. Soms (more than 50 million. Dollars. USA) and has an annual growth of approximately 2%. The share markets in the total turnover is about 80 percent.
In trade, the private sector has a dominant position, and its share in the total turnover is 99.9%.
Paid services are provided to the amount of 1 billion. Soms or more than 20 mln. USD. Paid services is increasing annually by 3 – 5 percent in comparable prices. In total volume of paid services to the population share of the private sector for more than 70 percent.
The global crisis of 2008 and the internal problems of the Kyrgyz Republic in 2010 led to a decline in tourist flow in certain areas, resulting in income in the tourism sector have decreased by 30-40 per cent. In general, the flow of tourists in the region of 8000 – 9000 people, while the share of foreign nationals in the total number of tourists is around 40 percent. Income from tourism activities in the order of 100 thousand dollars a year despite the fact that work in the field of only a few operators.
The main mode of transport – road, the total length of roads – 3460 km, including 537 international, 1,581 km of state, 1,342 km of local importance, including 427 km is paved, 2,525 km -graviynoe. Territory of the region is crossed by important strategic highways:
- Bishkek – Balykchy – Kochkor – Seagulls – Tunuk (Susamyr);
- Naryn – Kulanak – Baetovo – Kosh-Debe;
- Naryn – Kazarman – Kegart – Jalal-Abad;
- Bishkek – Naryn – Torugart and others.
Bishkek – Balykchy – Torugart has good prospects because is currently the only immediate access to the western regions of China. Through Kashgar is possible to enter the Karakoram Highway and then – on the one hand – the shortest way to the Pakistani port of Karachi and across the Arabian Sea to the Indian Ocean. On the other hand, there is the possibility of communication across India and Asia-Pacific. All enterprises of the transport sector is privatized, one in each district center has road station on the transport of the population. In recent years, transportation is carried out mainly by the private carting and lease vehicles, especially for passengers. In the regional center is the airport GAO “Kyrgyz-Aba-Joldoru”, which since 1994 due to lack of demand and due to the increase of the tariff rate canceled scheduled flights. There runway, to keep personnel and dispatch service composition, the airport is able to receive and serve aircraft. Be a powerful impetus to economic development can complete the construction of the railway “Balykchy – Kochkor – Karakeche” to the largest deposits of brown coal.
Road transport region annually transported more than a thousand tons of cargo, from 6 to 8 thousand passengers. Transportation by specialized transport enterprises and private entrepreneurs.
In the region there are international telephone and telegraph and telex communication lines, cellular operators “Beeline”, “Megacom”. Responsibility for the management and operation of telecommunications network area is Naryn oblast branch of JSC “Kyrgyztelekom.”
Currently, the local telecommunications network Naryn region includes 52 (urban and rural) telephone exchanges, with a total capacity of 17,400 subscriber lines, and is mainly based on the equipment stations coordinate type ATSC – 50/200, ATSC – 100/2000 and digital stations AXE – 10 (Naryn). Most of the equipment needs to be replaced to digital. In 1997, the installed digital radio – linear station (Naryn, Ala Myshyk, Tolok) and digital telephone exchange AXE – 10 of the Swedish company “Ericsson” in Naryn on 1000 numbers from 20 main lines with a total length of 10 km.
Naryn oblast branch of JSC “Kyrgyztelekom” provides long-distance telephone and telegraph communication with access to an international network. Today reached computer processing of outgoing toll exchanges area. Open dialup Internet service. Card payphones installed in Naryn. The length of the wire broadcasting networks with sharing telecommunications towers in the whole area is 7924 km.
Naryn region has unique natural, historical and cultural resources, creates a favorable environment for the development of the tourism industry and the creation of new tourism products, such as mountain tourism, eco-tourism, adventure tourism and mountain hunting tours. Region differs from other regions of the country rich in flora and fauna, are relict Tien Shan blue spruce, juniper Turkestan, etc., contain a large number of animals and birds, with hunting and commercial importance, tours, particularly in the Marco Polo sheep and ibex, which have shown great interest foreign hunters.
At present, the Naryn region recorded 44 tourist firms, however, are active only 9: SVT-Travel, LLC “Shahid” sanatorium “Chon-Tuz”, “CBT plus Eco”, LLC “Tianshan” RTM -2 CGPCS “Horizon Travel” LLC “Top Asia” PA “Sheperdel Life.” Also on the region there are 27 restaurants and 4 restaurants, 39 hotels and guest houses. Organized annually yurt at an alpine towns, picturesque lake Sonkul about architectural monument of the Middle Ages Caravanserai, Tashrabat, in a recreation area Salkyn Tor and cars in the area Torugart and popular tourist destinations, such as the burial place of Togolok-Moldovan, Taylak- baatyr, lock-Shyrdabek Baatyr, resting place “Kelintash” clinic “Zhyluusuu” pasture “Aksai”, “Bychan”, “Arp”, “Kashkasuu”, “Kyzkorgon”, “Akmoynok”, “Balatapan” and others.
On the Naryn region in the tourism sector employs more than 500 people, including in the hospitality industry – more than 200 people, including private entrepreneurs providing tourist services in yurts. In the restaurant business that provides meals and European cuisine, employs more than 250 people.
Traditionally, the main tourism destinations in the region are cultural and educational (51%) and resort and recreation (29%). In recent years, begin to develop eco and adventure tourism types, they accounted for 18% and 2% of the tours. Razvitienetraditsionnyh, alternative, tourism destinations in the region due to the unique mountainous terrain of the region – mountain peaks, glaciers, caves, lakes, rivers create opportunities for the development of mountain climbing, mountain skiing, rafting, and amazing health properties of local mountains – Naryn region can be considered the high-altitude health resort.
Naryn State Reserve, hiking trails, “Naryn-Salkyn Tor”, “Eki-Naryn”, “Naryn-Son-Kul.”
The reserve is located in the eastern part of the Naryn region on macro-slope of the Naryn-Too vsrednem reaches of the river Naryn. The reserve area is 36.9 thousand hectares. Security or buffer zone – 53.4 thousand. ha.
Objects of protection in the reserve are the unique natural complexes of the inner Tien Shan. This alpine spruce forests, alpine meadows, glaciers, and others. System. It is home to over 45 species of birds and 21 species of mammals, including the Red Book of the republic, such as the snow leopard, red deer, bear, argali, lynx, golden eagle, Balaban, Ibisbill, bearded vulture snow. There are about 1,800 species of plants.
Naryn State Reserve has all the conditions to attract tourists to learn about the wildlife of the internal Tien Shan – is pure mountain air, clear mountain streams, magnificent mountain scenery and the chance to see wild animals in their natural habitat. In addition, the territory of the reserve there are unique natural sites and historical monuments mentioned in the national epic.
An important factor to attract tourists is the infrastructure – roads, hotels, communications, transportation, etc. The nearest village is laid to reserve a dirt road, and then – until the reserve is visited by vysokoprohodimyh vehicles. Reserve has sufficient human resources and equestrian facilities. Therefore, the movement is carried out in the reserve horse means.В зависимости от времени пребывания, Нарынский государственный заповедник предлагает три варианта туристических маршрутов:
- 1-2-day itinerary: Naryn – Iyri-Suu – Kara-Tash – Ak-Tashat – Uch-Bulak – Kashka-Suu – Kara-Tash. From the site of Kara-Tash is acquainted with the places of the epic “Er Tabyldy.”
- 4-5-day itinerary: Naryn – Ken-Saz – Korkurak – Moldovan-Bashy – Kara-Tash – Naryn. Through Naryn – Ken-Saz – Korkurak can be reached by car vysokoprohodimoy and then – on horseback. On the site Moldovan-Bashy can observe wildlife and magnificent scenery.
- 7-8-day itinerary: Naryn – Ken-Saz -Korkurak – Ulan and back, or you can Lancer per day down from the mountain Syrt to Lake Issyk-Kul, the area Barskaun. This route covers a large part of the reserve. On the site of Ulan landscape highland plateau syrts. All the way – wild animals and traces of their activity.
Naryn reserve was established in accordance with the decision of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and is located in the northern slope of the mountain range of the same name, about 40-50 km east of the town of Naryn. The area of the reserve has well-preserved array of spruce forests. The main objective of the reserve – the protection and conservation of habitats of rare and endangered species: Tien Shan deer (red deer), snow leopard, brown bear, lynx, argali, Pallas cat, golden eagle, bolobana, bearded, Ibisbill, Kumo . As thick spruce forests are also on the northern slope of the Naryn-Too. Naryn State Reserve – a specially protected natural territory of the Kyrgyz Republic, which is located in Naryn and At-Bashynskom districts of Naryn oblast. In 1975, for the conservation and breeding of valuable species of wildlife, plants, and the protection of rare geological formations in the reserve was established hunting reserve. The reserve was established in 1983. The reserve area to date is 36.9 thousand hectares. Security or buffer zone – 53.4 thousand. Ha. Objects of protection in the reserve are the unique natural complexes of the inner Tien Shan. This alpine spruce forests, meadows, glaciers and other ecosystems.Karataal-Zhapyryk Reserve.
The main objective of this reserve – the protection and conservation of habitats of animals becoming rare in Kyrgyzstan: mountain argali, ibex and others.
Dream Lake, fresh water, clean air, fragrant flowers, herbs, mountain ash, barberry, evergreen Tien-Shan spruce create additional conditions for tourists to spend time. On the lake inhabited by mountain goose, different species of ducks, gulls. Tourists are accommodated in yurts, they offered national dishes and drinks (beshbarmak, mare, Ira, etc.).
Son-Kul – the second largest lake in Kyrgyzstan. The surface elevation is 3016 meters above sea level. Its area – 275 square meters. km, depth – 15 m, from late September to mid-July, it is covered with ice. Ice thickness can reach 1.5 meters, the lake empties into 18 streams, of which only 4 have a constant flow, and flows out of Lake only river – Son-Kul. The fauna of Son-Kul is extremely diverse. In summer there nest different kinds of ducks, gulls and other waterfowl.
The lake is located 90 km from the regional center – the city of Naryn and a couple of kilometers south of the small village of Sary-Bulak, bordered on all sides by mountains. Ice covered lake in late October – early November, and in April – is revealed. Stop here to 66 species of waterfowl migratory birds. Over the past 30-35 years in the lake acclimatized fish species: peled, whitefish, osman. This is a beautiful remote mountain lake in a vast plain with no vegetation at an altitude of 3016 meters above sea level, visible from afar. There are no settlements, and more seasons shore empty. Son-Kul come shepherds from the Kochkor, Naryn and At-Bashynskoy areas; as jailoo (alpine pastures) Son Kul – famous place in the summer months and is considered the “pearl of the Kyrgyz jailoo.” Tourists can stay in the tent and spend the day talking with the local population, riding horses, or just porgulivayas the surrounding area.
Chater-Kul Lake -one of the largest freshwater drainage republic. Bowl Lake is located between the ridges of the mountains At-Bashy and Torugart-Too. Coast Chatyr-Kul is a favorite nesting place for Indian black geese, listed in the Red Book. The lake is located at an altitude of 3520 m above sea level, is draining, water mineralization close to fresh, but the fish are not found. Lake from October to April is covered with ice.
At 75 kilometers south-west of the town and river At-Bashy, (Naryn region) on the ridge At-Bashy extends remote valley of Tash Rabat, at an altitude of 3200-3400 m. The valley stands alone caravanserai “Tash Rabat” (stone fortress – caravanserai of the XV century). Not much is known about the origin of a caravanserai built by the ancestors of painstaking near the Chinese border. Caravanserai has long been a transit point for trade caravans of the Silk Road. Merchants settled there for the night to hide from the wind and snow, to rest the animals. Others argue that the caravanserai – a Buddhist monastery. Local nomads believe caravanserai holy place and visit it for prayers.
Architectural monument was restored in 1980.
Foundation Karava nsaraya represents the area, and the building is much higher than it looks from the outside, as the back wall deep “sits” in the hillside. The interior of the shed caravan consists of 30 rooms (including a room for negotiation and prayers) and the central chamber, leading to the apartment. Sometime in the caravanserai was an underground access to the case of a secret escape the room. Currently unearthed place the beginning of the tunnel.
In the valley are many wonderful places to campsite. Here you can have a good rest hospitable shepherds and enjoy the scenery of wide open spaces and mountain cliffs before or after crossing the Torugart (Chinese border). Tash-Rabat was built in the tenth century AD, initially he served monastery. According to one version, its founders are considered monks ipovedovavshie a version of Christianity, on the other – Buddhist monks. After the 4th century, in the era of the dawn of trade on the Silk Road “Tash-Rabat” has lost its religious significance and served as a hotel, or, as it was called inns on the way – caravanserai.
Monument Koshoy Korgon within the territory of Al-Bashynskogo area. This building with adobe walls to the south of the village of Kara-Suu and to the west of the village of At-Bashy. The name was given in honor of the legendary hero Kosho, one of the commanders of the epic “Manas”. Next to the ruins is a museum, but it is rarely open.
Korgon is the ruins of a small citadel located near the village of Kara-Suu (Naryn region), which is eight kilometers from the At- Bashy. Based on the X-XII century. It is said that one of the legendary hero Manas Koshoy buried here.
Tourism in the Naryn region is a promising sector of the economy. Rich natural resources and historical and cultural potential of the Naryn region allow developing active forms of tourism: rural, ecological and health; hunting and fishing, event tourism; istorikoetnograficheskie routes; pilgrimage to holy places. Every year the number of tourists visiting the region with sightseeing, recreational and business purposes is increasing by 10-15%.
State Park “Salkyn-torus”
Park was established in 2001. From the Red Book of the Kyrgyz Republic is home to four species of mammals, 6 species of birds, 10 species of insects and plant species grow 2. Natural Park is of great importance in terms of restoring the number of deer and is of interest in relation to recreational.